SC increases limit for small claims cases
The Supreme Court has increased the limit of small claims cases filed before the Metropolitan Trial Courts from P300,000.00 to P400,000.00, beginning 1 April 2019.
Upon the recommendation of the Office of the Court Administrator to Associate Justice Diosdado M. Peralta, Chairperson of the Special Committee on Small Claims Cases, the initiative was to streamline and harmonize the rules of procedure for money claims filed before all first level courts.
Before the concept of small claims was introduced in our court system, the Revised Rule on Summary Procedure applied to money claims not exceeding P100,000.00 in first level courts outside Metro Manila, while P200,000.00 in first level courts within Metro Manila, otherwise known as the Metropolitan Trial Courts. These amounts were later increased to P300,000.00 and P400,000.00, respectively, under Republic Act No. 7691.
In 2010, the SC authorized the implementation of the Rule of Procedure for Small Claims Cases to all first level courts nationwide for money claims of not more than P100,000.00. In 2015, the Supreme Court increased this to P200,000.00 and in 2018, to P300,000.00.
As a consequence, money claims filed before the first level courts outside Metro Manila were all covered by the Revised Rules of Procedure for Small Claims Cases, whereas those filed before the Metropolitan Trial Courts were considered either as small claims cases for claims of up to P300,000.00, or proceeded under the Revised Rule on Summary Procedure, for claims above P300,000.00 to P400,000.00.