Concom to expand CHR powers to include non-state violators in new Constitution
MANILA — The Consultative Committee (ConCom) tasked by President Rodrigo R. Duterte to review the 1987 Constitution on Monday voted to raise the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) to the status of an independent constitutional commission sans prosecutorial powers.
Sixteen ConCom members voted in favor of raising the proposal with only one member, lawyer and retired general Ferdinand Bocobo, voting against.
Former Senate President Aquilino Pimentel Jr. abstained because he has a relative who is a member of the CHR.
The voting came after the ConCom proposed to expand the coverage of the CHR’s mandate and jurisdiction to include not just state actors but also non-state or private actors.
In a statement sent to the media, the ConCom said that raising the CHR to the level of a constitutional body would involve strengthening its investigative powers and expanding membership to include representatives from the marginalized sector, indigenous peoples, and environmental advocates, among others.
Former Chief Justice and ConCom chairperson Reynato Puno said that this move was consistent with the body’s desire to expand its coverage to include the environmental and socioeconomic rights, which are to be enshrined in the Bill of Rights, and to include non-state actors as well in its jurisdiction
In a radio interview last April 7, Puno said the expansionCHR’s mandate would correct the misconception that only state actors violate human rights.
Puno explained that the mandate of the CHR was not limited to human-rights violations by agencies or elements of the state or government but should extend to those by non-state actors as well.
“Unang-una, ang pagiisip ng ating mga kababayan ay itong Commission on Human Rights ay ang hinahabol lamang ay yung mga tauhan ng gobyerno na nagba-violate ng mga karapatan ng tao. Ngunit mali po ‘yan e (First, the impression of citizens is that the Commission on Human Rights is going only after government officials who violate human rights. But that’s wrong),” Puno said over DZRH.
The former chief justice said that although the CHR’s main objective was to protect citizens’ rights from abuses by the state, it eventually evolved into something greater.
“Totoo na noong una, ang objective ‘nyan ay habulin ang gobyerno dahil ang kaisipan ay to protect against government interference. Pero ‘pag nakita n’yo ang evolution, kahit ng political and civil rights, ay hindi lang gobyerno ang nagba-violate nyan – pati non-state actors (It’s true that in the beginning, its objective was to go after the government because the thought is to protect against government interference. But when you look at the evolution, it’s not only the government that violates political and civil rights–even non-state actors do),” Puno explained.
“Kanya ang dapat maging mandato ngayon nyan ay (that’s why its mandate should be to) go after all violators, whether government or non-government actors,” he added. (PNA)